“Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.”
When Nelson Mandela worded this quote in 1990, he had a vision before him. He wished for every child across the globe to have access to world-class, quality education. We’ve been inching closer to that dream, but we haven’t touched the target just yet.
Over the years, India’s education sector has made a remarkable progress. We’ve brought in new job profiles in the field, developed efficient learning techniques, and opened the doors of education to more of the masses.
With a growing number of students enrolling for education, today we need a bigger workforce to achieve the dream of educating every child. Here, we will look at the transformation our education sector has witnessed and skim through the career prospects it holds today.
The Growth of Indian Education
Huddling together around the sacred peepal tree, a little group of shishyas would sit cross-legged before their guru, keenly listening to his lessons that would help them survive this bizarre world.
Gurukuls, they called them, the schools of ancient India. The gurus or teachers (as we call them today) have been changing people’s lives since the times immemorial. Well past the time the British planted chaos in the nation and brought doom for a full century, our education system has evolved tremendously.
For, back in 1947 right after we broke free from our invaders, only 12 of every hundred Indians knew how to read and write. But after 64 years of planning and toiling to get more of us into school, the number leaped to 74 literate Indians per a hundred.
Today with over 250 million kids in India, we have more students going to school than any other country. We have the largest population in the age group of 5-24 years. We have, therefore, all the more need for professionals in the field of education.
Ancient India saw a guru carrying out a whole spectrum of tasks for his shishyas. He single-handedly tutored and mentored them to become learned individuals. But over time gurukuls have become obsolete, the population has flourished, our attention spans have narrowed, and times have changed, all of which has led to the formation of the education sector today.
What’s New in the Education Sector?
The twenty-first century is victim to continuous and accelerating change. Today’s novelty is to become tomorrow’s norm. That means that we must keep up with the change to keep up with the world.
The education sector also has been advancing on the go. ‘Smart classrooms’ with projectors have replaced blackboards. Assignments are submitted online rather than in paper. Youtube videos explain concepts better than reference books.
Technology’s been wedging into the domain of education much too often to be ignored, and so came into being this new field called Education technology. Since its inception, Ed-Tech has been making the learning process easier.
For instance, if you’re one of those kids who can’t make head or tail of what’s happening in class, or maybe are unable to raise doubts from an overcrowded classroom, or even have your mind involuntarily wander to the biriyani in your lunch box during the lecture, ed-tech would be your saviour.
All you would need to do is log into your online learning platform and get engrossed in their multitude of fun activities to learn that concept you missed.
Byju Raveendran has been one such saviour for perhaps a million students. “Fall in love with learning”, says the tagline of his popular learning app. With the visualization of concepts through interactive videos, chapter-wise tests, and doubt-clearing sessions, the Byju’s Learning App succeeds in keeping its students hooked.
“We are teaching students how they should learn rather than what they should learn,”
-says the man behind the app.
With 15 million registered users and 900,000 taking annual paid subscriptions for Byju’s app, around 93% of parents have reported an improvement in their kids’ development because of it.
In the same manner, Cuemath’s mission in tackling the much too common ‘math anxiety’ has created wonders. With puzzle cards, workbooks, and math boxes, Cuemath’s interactive platform to teach mathematics also has a ‘mathematical universe’ of characters that weave out math-based adventures in the form of stories.
This platform has 20,000 students, 2500 teachers, and another 20,000 parents enrolled for its programs.
“ Our endeavor is to enhance the quality and method of math learning and teaching so the subject is seen as a skill, not a liability.”
-says the founder and CEO of Cuemath, Manan Khurma.
Thanks to them and a myriad of other online platforms like Meritnation, Toppr, Unacademy, PlayAblo, etc., learning subjects have become a lot more enjoyable to many.
Schools today need to keep up with modern teaching techniques to stay ahead in the game. Ed-tech has found its place in most institutions today. In addition to that, improved learning environments with emphasis on hands-on-experience are also emerging in learning centres.
Atal Tinkering Labs (ATL) is one such initiative by Central Government of India where students are taught essential twenty-first century skills. It aims at cultivating an innovative environment for young students of science where they can give shape to their ideas.
Through such initiatives, students get to work with specific tools to better learn the aspects of science.
All in all, new innovations have completely transformed the traditional means of education. These modern learning techniques are proving to not only make things easier for the educators, but also a lot more entertaining for the pupils.
What Are The Areas Under Education?
From the time little kids scribe their first letters on a slate to the age where they make their career choices, there is an army of educators leading them and supporting them through their journey. They are the ones who together make the education sector.
Let’s tap into the different sections of this sector that groom us into who we become.
We’ve all had that teacher who’s made an impact in our lives, who’s shaped the way we think, or even made us see the world differently. To be able to help someone learn and make a difference is one of the most rewarding jobs one can have.
Teachers form the primary workforce in education. This profession alone covers several levels in the education sector.
Getting a bunch of noisy kids to settle down and listen is not easy. But it is a cakewalk for the elementary school teachers. They have the patience and skill to handle the little ones and win over their trust. Eventually, these beaming faces are what will make their day.
As a school teacher, you will need to be creative to keep the students engaged. Thanks to smart classrooms, the work is a lot more easier. Your work essentially would be to stay aware of the latest advancements so you can make good use of them.
Qualifications Needed –
If you’re going for primary school teaching, a diploma in teaching (D.Ted) would be the minimum requirement. Secondary school requires a Bachelor of Education (B.Ed), and further on, a Master’s (M.Ed) for specializations in subjects. Also, if you’re planning to work in government schools, you might need to pass the Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET).
What is the best profession for you when you’re passionate about a particular field of study? A college professor! You get to research further in your field of interest, supervise projects related to it, and make a whole new class of students fall in love with the subject just like you did.
College professors have the duties of preparing syllabuses, exams, evaluating projects, providing guidance in research and course selections etc. Most professors in institutions use online platforms like eduserver or moodle for assignment submissions and tests.
Getting a hang of virtual educational spaces like the G Suite including Google Classrooms will help in managing documents and also reduce the paperwork greatly.
Qualifications Needed –
After completing Master’s in your subject of expertise, you can either take SLET(State Level Eligibility Test) or NET (National Eligibility Test) to become an assistant professor. However, holding a Ph.D exempts you from taking the test, and also gains you plenty more of knowledge and respect.
Byju’s learning app was a success because students enjoyed learning through his videos and went back to them. E-learning teachers have the job of creating engaging content for students by using the best of technology.
This is your chance to use your creativity outside the walls of classrooms. Online learning platforms have become a norm for the students, and e-learning teachers are wanted in today’s industry.
Qualifications Needed –
You’re expected to have expertise and the required degree qualifications in the field of study that your online classes cover. A good understanding of the internet resources is also mandatory.
When it comes to your work, you will need to focus on the goals and the lifestyle of the students to make the most engaging content with your knowledge. There being much competition in the online industry, you will have to find a way that will make you stand apart from the rest.
Administration and Development
We’ve seen our school principal sitting behind their desk, taking important calls and signing documents. Although it seems like their job is mostly managerial, they do need a strong background in education.
Only someone who understands the working of the education system can get to know how and why the latest resources must be used in their institute.
As an administrator of school, college, or any educational institution, you will hire and supervise teachers. You will take care of the institute’s policies and rules, plan the calendar, install latest technology for learning, and make sure the institute is at a respectable rank.
The smooth functioning of your organization will be in your hands. This profession involves a lot of responsibility and foresight for the management work.
Qualifications Needed –
For administration, you need a master’s degree and significant experience as a teacher. Depending on your state’s guidelines, you will also need to collect the relevant license for your position.
More importantly, you must be aware of your administrative responsibilities, and be the leader that everyone looks up to..
When Angela Watson started a blog in 2003 to share her classroom ideas to help other educators, it was a mere hobby. But a decade later, her ideas have become features in plenty of magazines, newsletters, and internet resources.
A National Board Certified Teacher with a Master’s in Curriculum and Instruction, her work as an educational consultant includes improving the learning environment by training the faculty and the administrators.
As educational consultants, you will work with institutes and families to better develop the education system that is prevalent currently.
Especially with the advent of the digital era and the changing interests of the students, you will need to research and suggest the best possible means of learning, where again ed-tech comes into play.
Qualifications Needed –
You need to major in the field of education for this profession and have some amount of experience in teaching. Getting a certification through education consultant organizations will prove to be beneficial too. Also try participating in extra-curricular teaching activities.
“Children require guidance and sympathy far more than instruction.”
So said one of the greatest tutors in history, Anne Sullivan, the instructor of Helen Keller. She was more than just an instructor to Helen, who was visually and hearing impaired. Anne was her lifelong companion and friend, someone trustworthy to rely on.
Today, most students lack what Helen had – individual attention from their teacher. With a large student-teacher ratio in most Indian institutes, teachers know little about the students they teach.
We tend to overlook the mental health development of the students when running for the academic ones. We forget that education is meant to be an overall grooming of a person, not merely a means to feed information into their heads.
They play a special role in helping out students dealing with social, emotional, or behavioral issues. They understand and build a relationship with the students so as to make a comfortable environment for them. They make action plans to overcome their problems and support them in and outside their classrooms.
Another aspect that is troubling students today is their lack of knowledge about the career options and not understanding their niche. Most of them eventually decide to follow the tide rather than try to figure out what suits them the best.
Career Guidance Counsellor:
They lay out the options before the students, interact with them and figure out where their interests and strengths lie. They then filter out the best choices that fit their personality. This is a booming sector in the industry as people are beginning to realize the relevance of choosing the right career path.
Qualifications Needed –
A degree in psychology along with certificate courses in counselling will help in your career as a counsellor. A thorough understanding of the area of counsel is a must, and with it all the traits you need for counselling – patience, tolerance, and sensitivity. Best way to move ahead is, as always, through experience.
In this fast-paced world, what is to say that today’s curriculum will prepare us for tomorrow’s industry? What if what we’ve been learning was relevant a decade ago but is outdated today? The result would be low productivity, slower progress, and plenty of overwhelmed young graduates feeling lost at work.
This is why curriculum development holds a high value in the education industry.
They make sure that the curricula used by the educational institutes are in line with the current standards. They also give recommendations to teachers to bring out the best student performance.
Another challenge faced by the industry is to keep the students engaged and active. To keep them from sleeping through classes proves to be a tough nut to crack.
They are the ones responsible for figuring out engaging activities and course content for the learning process. They build the best suitable design for the course, keeping in mind its feasibility and effectiveness of it. The content also includes online activities and gamification of concepts, which is in vogue in today’s sector.
They communicate with tutors, users, and other development teams to understand their technology based training requirements. They build and maintain virtual learning environments, which are to make learning easier and more fun for the students.
Qualifications Needed –
Curriculum development requires a degree in education, instructional design, or instructional technology. Technical design skills will give you an upper hand in this field. Having a teaching credential and keeping in touch with the trends in educational technology are also contributing factors.
In the ever-expanding education industry, as more innovations and ideas emerge so will more job opportunities. The list we have here is incomplete. We leave the rest of it to you to explore further on.
Scope Of A Career In Education In India
Last we checked, India had over 1.5 million schools, 38,000 colleges, 12,000 standalone institutions, and 750 universities. As of 2016, MHRD’s data claims that over 300 million students are taught in the country every day.
What’s more, India’s education sector is valued highly and the market is expected to double by the year 2020. So, considering the growth we see here, a career in the field of education is quite promising.
Be it managing a school, marketing your course, or developing the curriculum, the arena of education holds a diverse field of jobs.Thanks to Edtech for bringing in a whole new dimension to the field, we have even more opportunities out there.
The data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics claims that the job openings for instructional coordinators will increase by 10% between 2016 and 2026, and the training and development specialists by 11%. The design and development sector is also expected to grow by 24% by that time.
The growth is immense, the opportunities vast, and the impact strong. But putting statistics aside, a profession in the education industry gives you stability. More importantly, it gives you a personal fulfillment that will keep you going.
You get the chance to make a difference in the world from the very basic level. You get to be among those facilitating the future personalities the world will look up to some day. And that is undeniably a profession worth holding.