Criminal Law

As a criminal Lawyer you’ll be an expert in defense of individual or organisations charged with criminal cases.

What do Criminal lawyers do?

A Criminal lawyer handles cases for individuals who is accused of committing a crime. They give advice in legal matters and represent defendants in dealing with police and other investigators.They deal with cases ranging from attempted murder ,homicide to drunk driving.

What does a typical day at work involve?

  • Checked Conducting meetings with clients and understanding their legal issues
  • Checked Guiding and advising clients on laws and legal issues based on their case
  • Checked Drafting legal documents and letters, and submitting in courts if it is needed
  • Checked Developing case strategies on the basis of evidence and law points
  • Checked Attending meetings and negotiations with opponents who are standing against the clients in the case
  • Checked Drafting and filing appeals in the courts against the decision of courts on a matter
  • Checked Estimating claims for damages, compensation, maintenance, etc
  • Checked Advising law trainees who are working under you on legal issues
  • Checked Cross-checking all documents prior to signing and forwarding
  • Checked Taking advice from experts or referring cases to others
  • Checked Reading journals and law reports and updating awareness about new developments

How to become a criminal lawyer?

Step 1
Take any stream in 10+2

Candidate with any stream in plus two level is eligible for taking law at undergraduate level. However taking humanities gives you an added advantage.

Step 2
Take Integrated BA/BBA/BSc/BCom LLB

he common course offered at the UG level in law are 5 Year- Integrated bachelor's degree plus LLB. Depending on the stream in plus two you can do a corresponding degree+LLB as a single professional course. Criminal law specialisation in UG level are offered by few institutions.


Note :

You can also take a bachelor’s degree in any discipline and then take up an LLB course of three years duration.

Step 3
Take LLM with Criminal Law Specialisation

LLM is a one year masters program in law with specialisations including Criminal law. A candidate who holds an LLB degree is eligible for the LLM admission.


Note : PG Diploma in criminal law

Law Graduates can also do a PG diploma in Criminal law in order to pursue a career in this field.

Step 4
Take MPhil/ PhD

Aspirants with an LLM or equivalent degree with the required minimum marks are eligible for MPhil/Doctorate in legal studies. M Phil will be of 1 to 2 years and PhD will take minimum 3 Years.

Criminal Law Colleges

Name State District Type Website Course

Requirements for masters in criminal law

Requirements for admission into a PG course in one of the top institutions to help you get an overall picture

India (From National Law University Of Delhi for LLM with the specialization of Constitutional Law and Criminal Law)

  • Candidate should have passed the LL.B. or an equivalent degree from a recognised University with not less than 55% marks in aggregate.
  • Selection shall be on the basis of the All India Law Entrance Test (AILET)

Foreign ( from London School of Economics and Political Science for LLM with specialization in Criminology and Criminal Justice )

  • Graduation in law with 65% marks.
  • IELTS Academic: an overall score of 7.5 and a score of 7 in writing and listening or TOEFL total score of 109
  • Statement of academic purpose
  • Two references

To see the entrance exams, scholarships and UG admission details, click here

Skills Required

Good communication skills

Lawyers need to communicate effectively with their clients to understand legal issues and cases. Good communication skills are also essential for presenting the case and examining witnesses in courts.

Listening skills

Listening is the key to all effective communication, lawyers should have the ability to listen to the concerns of their clients.

Research and Analytical skill

A lawyer has to go through a large amount of information and facts when he deals with a case. They may have to explore previous famous case histories to bring ideas for the new cases they are handling. Hence research and analysis can give more clarity about how to handle cases in different scenarios.

Investigative mindset

Criminal lawyers may need to make investigations on their own to gather details about a case and arrive at conclusions.

Attention to details

Accuracy and clarity about cases and law points are important factors in advocacy as a single word out of place can change the meaning of a clause or contract. Hence the lawyer has to be very attentive to details.

Time Management

Time management is crucial for a lawyer who may be handling many different cases at a time. The may have to appear and submit documents as per the schedule of the courts.