As a physicist, you will be exploring the fundamental properties and laws that govern the universe, ranging from the nanoworld of the microcosmos to the planetary systems and galaxies that form the macrocosmos.
Physicists conduct experiments, measurements and mathematical analysis to formulate physical laws that govern space, time, energy, and matter. Some physicists carry out research on theoretical areas such as evolution of the universe or the fundamental properties of atoms and molecules that make up matter. They may work on designing and setting up sophisticated scientific equipment like electron microscopes, particle accelerators, and lasers that can be used to perform experiments. Others may take up applied physics focussing on areas like fiber optics, medical, or nuclear physics.
Studying Physics, Chemistry and Maths at the 10+2 level and securing a minimum score in these subjects would be a prerequisite for admission into a bachelor degree in physics.
The common course offered at the UG level in this area is B.Sc. Physics. The duration of the course is usually three years.
There are 5 year Integrated M.Sc. programs in physics that are offered by many of the prominent universities in the country.
After completing the UG degree, you can either go for MSc. Physics or MS in Physics with a specialisations of choice. M.Sc. courses in India are of two years duration and MS degrees offered in various universities abroad are mostly of one year duration.
There are Integrated PhD (Master’s + PhD) programs offered by various universities across the country.
After pursuing master’s, you can go for an M Phil/PhD in Physics if your profile (including projects, research papers, and internships) and research proposal is excellent.
Requirements for admission into a PG course in one of the top institutions to help you get an overall picture
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A physicist will have to solve numerical problems, derive equations, and analyse graphs and various measurements. Thus a strong mathematical ability is required.
A physicist must possess technical skills as they are supposed to use technology for the measurement and analysis of data.
A physicist must be able to write research papers and articles regarding their experiments and research work.
A physicist must possess presentation skills as they are required to present reports and research papers to different audiences.
A physicist will have to apply logical/scientific reasoning to arrive at possible solutions to the problems that they handle by using scientific methods and tools.